One of the most abundant herbarium exsiccate collections, in which Carniolan botanists also took part, was generated in Vienna at the turn of the 19th century (1881-1913). The Editor-in Chief of the Austro-Hungarian dried flora (Flora exsiccata Austro-Hungarica) was the Austrian botanist Anton J. Kerner von Marilaun (1831-1898). After his death, the botanist C. Fritsch continued his work, which was eventually completed by H. de Handel-Mazzetti and I. Doerfler. The collection contains 4,000 specimens of single-celled and vascular plants from the territory of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. 204 botanists took part in it. Herbarium labels were printed and published separately. 130 species were collected in Carniola, the majority of them with classic localities in the province, of course (Blagay Daphne, Grafia golaka, Karawanken Gentian, Carniolan Primrose, Fleischmann’s Ribwort, Zois’s Bellflower…). Among the botanists who took part let us mention just a few, such as K. Dežman, A. Paulin, F. Krašan and L. Derganec.