The Mammoth is an Ice Age proboscidian and a relative of the present-day elephant. As an inhabitant of cold steppe terrene, it was distributed in northern Europe, North America and Asia. During the glaciation periods, it apparently reached southern Europe as well. In Siberia, whole mammoth bodies, including their fur, were found in frozen ground. The Mammoth was bigger than the modern elephant, covered with long and thick reddish fur that protected it against biting frost. It further adapted to the cold climate with a thick layer of subcutaneous fatty tissue and fatty hump on its back and head. It had small ears and long inwardcurving tusks.With its large molars and numerous transverse lamellae, it was able to grind the hard and dry steppe and tundra plants. The Mammoth became extinct due to the climate changes that took place during its time.